Technology has profoundly shaped society, the economy and the environment. Technology has caused many environmental and social problems, but it is also key to addressing environmental degradation, climate change, food scarcity, waste management, and other pressing global challenges.
For example, technologies used for treating waste help solve environmental problems whereas refrigeration and air-conditioning systems that use ozone-depleting refrigerants have huge environmental impacts associated with their use. How fast human society meets these and other challenges depends in large part on the pace and scale at which good technology displaces inferior technology in different global contexts.
Technology development, deployment, transfer and diffusion is a complex process. However, environmentally sound technologies need to be compatible with development goals and any national environmental, socio-economic, and cultural priorities. Several multilateral environmental agreements, intergovernmental decisions and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development stress the importance of mechanisms to support the transfer of technology transfer.
- Technology includes the equipment, knowledge and skills needed to perform a particular activity. It includes both ‘soft technologies’ such as information, research, training, and capacity-building, and ‘hard’ technologies such as equipment.
- Environmentally Sound Technologies are those technologies that from a life cycle perspective protect the environment, are less polluting, use resources in a sustainable manner, recycle more of their wastes and products, and handle all residual wastes in a more environmentally acceptable way than the technologies for which they are substitutes understand, utilize and replicate the technology, including the capacity to choose it and adapt it to local conditions and to integrate it with indigenous technologies.
- Technology Transfer is the broad set of processes covering the flows of know-how, experience and equipment amongst different stakeholders, including governments, private sector entities, financial institutions, NGOs, and research and educational institutions. It comprises the process of learning to
*Source: Agenda 21, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer`
- Technology Needs Assessments - Resources which can be useful in undertaking Technology Needs Assessments.
- RECPnet - Knowledge Management System of Global Network for Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production
- UNEP-DTU Partnership - contains resources for sustainable development.
- Climate Initiatives Platform - information portal on international cooperative climate initiatives.
- Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) Solution Center - To access information, training materials, resources, and access expert advice on a range of measures and policies that help reduce emissions of short-lived climate pollutants.
- Finance Initiative - Resources on Sustainable Finance
- Global SCP Clearinghouse - One-stop hub dedicated to knowledge sharing, cooperation and innovation for SCP implementation around the world.
- Regional Gateway for Technology Transfer and Climate (REGATTA)
- UNFCCC - TT: CLEAR - UNFCCC web-platform for all information related to climate technology.
- ClimateTechWiki - A Clean Technology Platform.
- SolarThermalWorld- Global knowledge-based web portal for solar thermal professionals.
- WIPO Green - interactive marketplace started by WIPO that connects technology and service providers with those seeking innovative solutions.