The Jakarta pilot project at Tanjung Priok Port was wrapped up in July 2015. UNEP partnered with the Gadjah Mada University Center for Transportation and Logistics Studies (known as “Pustral”) and developed a project to support development of a clean ports program in the Port of Tanjung Priok, Jakarta. The project resulted in the first ever baseline Air Emissions Inventory (AEI) conducted in Indonesia. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Current Methodologies in Preparing Mobile Source Port-Related Emission Inventories (2009) was used to conduct the AEI, using a bottom-up approach, i.e. detailed inputs at equipment category level weighted with data on population, activity, emission factors, etc.
To kick off the project, Pustral held several meetings with the state owned corporation that manages the Port of Tanjung Priok (PT.Pelindo II) to present the proposed project, obtain buy-in and input as well as strategize how to implement the project. PT.Pelindo II selected Operation Terminal 3 (TO3) to serve as the focus area for the project as PT.Pelindo II had designated the terminal as a pilot for a modern and green port concept at the Port of Tanjung Priok. TO3 is the busiest cargo terminal under direct management of PT.Pelindo II.
PT.Pelindo II indicated that they monitor ambient air quality and water quality as both are required by authorities as a means of environmental quality monitoring and control. PT.Pelindo II committed to help in the coordination and collection of data needed for the project as this needs internal coordination with multiple stakeholders that operate in TO3 area. Additionally, PT.Pelindo II analyzed port business processes to identify bottlenecking activities that cause an increase in air pollutant emission with an aim of reducing emission of air pollutants by improving efficiency.
Pustral drafted a white paper entitled International Best Practices Sustainable and Clean Port Program. The paper highlights the role of air quality improvement as part of a sustainable and clean port (SCP) program as well as the benefits of adopting SCP programs, with examples provided of air quality programs at leading global ports in the United States, Australia, South Africa, the Netherlands and Singapore. The report also provides recommendations on how to initiate and pilot the CCAC Tanjung Priok Port project to address PM/BC emissions.
In July 2014 Pustral organized a consultative multi-stakeholder workshop to disseminate the baseline AEI to stakeholders for review and comment. Stakeholders included officials from Indonesia Ministry of Transport, Indonesia Ministry of Environment, Indonesia Ministry of Economic Affairs, Province Government of DKI Jakarta, Transportation Agency, Province Government of DKI Jakarta, Environment Agency, Indonesia Port Corp II (Tanjung Priok port authority), Tanjung Priok PBM/Terminal Operator, Indonesia Land Transport Association, Port Transportation, Land Transport Association of DKI Jakarta Region, Association of Loading-Unloading Company, Indonesia Logistics Forwarder Association, Indonesian National Shipowners Association Jakarta Raya, Labor Association of Pelabuhan Indonesia II (SPPI II) Tanjung Priok, Indonesian Inter-University Transport Studies Forum and GIZ. GIZ is implementing the project ‘Sustainable Port Development in the ASEAN Region’ that is supporting selected ASEAN ports (including Tanjung Priok) to improve the quality and efficiency of their Safety, Health and Environmental management.
The baseline AEI for the Port of Tanjung Priok was also disseminated in several meetings with key Indonesia policy makers. It was received with significant enthusiasm by the stakeholders who provided substantial and important feedback. Most significantly, in meetings with the Directorate General of Sea Transportation (DGST) at the Ministry of Transport (MoT), it was identified that to date, there is no official framework for emissions inventory to support mitigation action in Indonesia. The assessment was that the AEI study is very timely in filling this gap and can be used as a basis to develop further methodology for Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) of climate forcing emission mitigation. Being an archipelago, Indonesia has ~ 1700 ports, of these 111 are major commercial ports. As such MoT is very interested in replicating this work country wide. In November 2014, the DGST held a workshop on sea transport to discuss application of the Tanjung Priok AEI at three other ports in Indonesia looking to inventorize emissions.
In July 2015 the AEI was finalized after incorporation of stakeholder comment. The final AEI report also provided a framework to reduce emissions from the port developed using an ASIF (Activity, Structure, Fuel Intensity, Fuel Type and Emission Factor) approach as well as a business process approach. The report also provided a comprehensive Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Framework for GHG Mitigation of Port Related Emissions in Indonesia. This is in support of the Regulation of the President of the Republic of Indonesia Number 71 Year 2011 and Regulation of Minister of Environment Number 15 Year 2013 regarding MRV activity for GHG mitigation in Indonesia.